Red Oak: Domestic Hardwood

Red Oak is classified as a domestic wood and sometimes referred to as Northern Red Oak, Spanish Oak, American Red Oak, or Gray Oak. It is one of the most common hardwoods in the industry.

The heartwood of Red Oak is similar to other oaks; however, the coloration runs from a light tan to pink with a reddish tinge. The wood is mostly straight-grained and coarse-textured. Since densities can vary, pre-drilling may need to be done. Its gluing properties can also vary, but it does stain well.

Red Oak is mostly used for furniture making, interior joinery, flooring, plywood, and veneer, but it is not a good choice for exterior work.

Red Oak has a Janka hardness rating of 1290.

Domestic Hardwood: Red Oak


Origin of Wood TypeThe U.S.
Botanical NameQuercus Rubra
Specific Gravity.70
Avg. Weight Per BF4.3 lbs
Color RangeLight pink to red-brown
Rarity / AvailabilityCommon
Typical Avg. Width5 – 16 inches
Typical Avg. Length8 – 12 feet
Avg. Waste Factor20%
Wood UsesAll Woodworking, Cabinetry, Trim, and Flooring
Lumber GradesFAS through 2 common rustic
Other Trade Names Northern Red Oak