Hickory: Domestic Hardwood

Hickory wood is classified as a domestic wood and is sometimes referred to as Pignut Hickory, Mockernut Hickory, Red Hickory, or White Hickory.

The heartwood of Hickory is brown or reddish-brown in color and is sold as “Red Hickory.” The sapwood of Hickory is light in color and sold as “White Hickory.” Although Hickory is typically straight-grained, it can also be wavy or irregular with a somewhat coarse texture. Gluing can be difficult but it stains and polishes to a good finish.

Hickory is most widely used for making various sporting goods such as golf club shafts, laminates for tennis racquets; it is also used for bats, skis, drum sticks, striking-tool handles, hammers, and picks. Additionally, it is used in plywood faces and veneers.

Hickory has a Janka hardness rating of 1820.



Origin of Wood Type The U.S.
Botanical Name Carya Tomentosa
Specific Gravity .78
Avg. Weight Per BF 4 lbs
Color Range White sapwood tan to dark brown heartwood
Rarity / Availability Common
Typical Avg. Width 5 – 12 inches
Typical Avg. Length 8 – 12 feet
Avg. Waste Factor 25%
Wood Uses Woodworking, Flooring, and Cabinetry
Lumber Grades FAS to rustic, 2 common
Other Trade Names Pecan Hickory, Shagbark Hickory, American Hickory