Hickory: Domestic Hardwood

Hickory wood is classified as a domestic wood and is sometimes referred to as Pignut Hickory, Mockernut Hickory, Red Hickory, or White Hickory.

The heartwood of Hickory is brown or reddish-brown in color and is sold as Red Hickory. The sapwood of Hickory is light in color and sold as White Hickory. Although Hickory is typically straight-grained, it can also be wavy or irregular with a somewhat coarse texture. Gluing can be difficult, but it stains and polishes to a good finish.

Hickory is most widely used for making various sporting goods such as golf club shafts of laminates for tennis racquets. It is also used for bats, skis, drum sticks, striking-tool handles, hammers, and picks. Additionally, it is used in plywood faces and veneers.

Hickory has a Janka hardness rating of 1820.

Domestic Hardwood: Hickory


Origin of Wood TypeThe U.S.
Botanical NameCarya Tomentosa
Specific Gravity.78
Avg. Weight Per BF4 lbs
Color RangeWhite sapwood tan to dark brown heartwood
Rarity / AvailabilityCommon
Typical Avg. Width5 – 12 inches
Typical Avg. Length8 – 12 feet
Avg. Waste Factor25%
Wood UsesWoodworking, Flooring, and Cabinetry
Lumber GradesFAS to rustic, 2 common
Other Trade Names Pecan Hickory, Shagbark Hickory, American Hickory