Eastern White Pine Hardwood: Domestic Hardwood

Pine is classified as a domestic wood. Pinus strobus, commonly known as the Eastern White Pine, is a large pine native to eastern North America. It is also known as the white pine, northern white pine, or soft pine.

The Eastern White Pine has the distinction of being the tallest tree in eastern North America. Old-growth pine in the Americas was a highly desired wood since huge, knot-free boards were the rule rather than the exception. Pine was common and easy to cut, thus many colonial homes used pine for paneling, floors, and furniture.

Pine was also a favorite tree of loggers since the logs can still be processed in a lumber mill a year or more after being cut down. In contrast, most hardwood trees such as cherry, maple, oak, and ash must be cut into 1” thick boards immediately after felling or large cracks will develop in the trunk, which can render the wood worthless.

Freshly cut Eastern White Pine is creamy white or a pale straw color, but pine wood that has aged many years tends to darken to a deep rich tan. Occasionally, one can find light brown pine boards with unusual yellowish-golden or reddish-brown hues.

Pine has a Janka hardness of 870.

Eastern White Pine Lumber


Origin of Wood TypeEastern U.S.
Botanical NamePinus Strobus
Specific Gravity.34
Avg. Weight Per BF2.5 lbs
Color RangeLight tan to cream
Rarity / AvailabilityCommon
Typical Avg. Width5 – 16 inches
Typical Avg. Length8 – 16 feet
Avg. Waste Factor25%
Wood UsesWoodworking, Cabinetry, and Trim
Lumber GradesFAS through 2 common
Other Trade Names White Pine, Pne, Eastern White Pine