Birch: Domestic Hardwood

Birch lumber is classified as a domestic wood and is sometimes referred to as Grey Birch, Silver Birch, Hard Birch, American Birch, or Betula Wood.

Birch has a reddish-brown heartwood and light yellow sapwood. Birch has very good steam bending characteristics, high shock resistance, and crushing strength.

It can be used for furniture making, flooring, and high-grade joinery, upholstery frames, paneling, high-grade plywood, and veneers. Birch glues well and also takes stain and polish extremely well; once stained, any color differences are less pronounced.

Birch has a Janka hardness of 1260.

Domestic Hardwood: Birch Wood


Origin of Wood Type The U.S. and Canada
Botanical Name Betula Alleghaniensis
Specific Gravity .55
Avg. Weight Per BF 3.5 lbs
Color Range Light cream to brown heartwood
Rarity / Availability Common
Typical Avg. Width 4 – 10 inches
Typical Avg. Length 8 – 12 feet
Avg. Waste Factor 25%
Wood Uses All woodworking and cabinetmaking applications
Lumber Grades FAS through 2 common
Other Trade Names Yellow Birch, Birch, or White Birch