Birch: Domestic Hardwood

Birch lumber is classified as a domestic wood and is sometimes referred to as Grey Birch, Silver Birch, Hard Birch, American Birch or Betula Wood.

Birch has a reddish-brown heartwood and light yellow sapwood. Birch has very good steam bending characteristics, high shock resistance. and crushing strength.

It can be used for furniture making, flooring, and high-grade joinery, upholstery frames, paneling, high-grade plywood, and veneers. Birch glues well and also takes stain and polish extremely well; once stained, any color differences are less pronounced.

Birch has a Janka hardness of 1260.

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Characteristics

Origin of Wood Type The U.S. and Canada
Botanical Name Betula Alleghaniensis
Specific Gravity .55
Avg. Weight Per BF 3.5 lbs
Color Range Light cream to brown heartwood
Rarity / Availability Common
Typical Avg. Width 4 – 10 inches
Typical Avg. Length 8 – 12 feet
Avg. Waste Factor 25%
Wood Uses All woodworking and cabinetmaking applications
Lumber Grades FAS through 2 common
Other Trade Names Yellow Birch, Birch, or White Birch

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